Acknowledgements, Sources, and Disclaimers

Although this blog exists primarily for reasons of personal interest and without the intention of its being authoritatively researched,  we strive for factual accuracy and the exclusion of others' research results, whether copyrighted or not, except when duly credited.

A list of sources follows, including both reference sources providing specific facts, and authored works which were primarily inspirational.  In the case of the latter, we have striven to avoid any copyright infringement and any omission of proper crediting; however, anyone who believes there is a issue is strongly encouraged to contact the webmaster.  Please provide full details including the work you believe to have been infringed upon, and the passage or passages where it may have occurred in this blog.  However, the mere transmission of facts that are freely available from historical maps and similar reference sources should not be regarded as potential sources of infringement.

WEBSITES  (Excl. digitized materials originally published on paper, which are cited as if the hard copy was used. )

City of Los Angeles Bureau of Engineering, whose index file of street work orders, dating back well into the 19th century, has been completely digitized and made available to the public online.

County of Los Angeles  Assessor's office, whose online property assessment database provides extensive details on every parcel in the county, including build dates where applicable and property boundaries for which the visible outlines of streets or buildings no longer exists.  This database is available to the public online.

Water and Power Associates, organized to inform the public on water and power issues facing Southern California, but also maintains an extensive collection of historical photographs. 

Los Angeles In The 1900s, a website maintained by George Garrigues, author of  Los Angeles' The Palms Neighborhood (see below in books section).

Sanborn Fire Insurance maps, 1867 - 1970.  Symbolic descriptions of nearly all devoloped parcels originally meant to assist insurance underwriters in assessing fire risks.  Courtesy LAPL, and SDPL,  which provide them online to cardholders.

Los Angeles Times Historical Archives 1881 - 1990, also provided online to LAPL cardholders.  Since moving away from L.A. I have used my Pro Quest access provided by my UCLA Alumni Association Life membership.  Individual articles are listed below.

California Digital Newspaper Collection, historical newspapers available to all for free. A project of UC Riverside.  Individual articles in newpapers other than the Times are listed below.

Noirish Los Angeles thread in the SkyscraperPage forum community.  Although this is just one topic thread in that forum, it has grown to over 21,500 replies and 2100 pages, and contains thousands of images.  The thread has become possibly the premier online meeting place for anyone interested in the region's history.

The Los Angeles Unified School District, for historical facts as to particular schools, and also the websites of some individual schools and their support groups.

Chrisbungostudios,    producers of an expanding YouTube series on filming locations.

The California Missions Resource Center. The Good Pirate. 2003-2016. Retrieved 2016-08-22.

L.A. River Railroads website, section on Capitol Milling Company. Retrieved 2016-08-28.  Attests 1831 founding and build date.

  • West Hollywood Elementary School, the forcing ground of your humble author.
  • Palms Elementary School, whose history ultimately goes back quite a bit farther than you might think.
  • Not a website, but the Winter 1923 Semi-Annual from Los Angeles High School, of which I happen to own a copy, and which figured largely in a post from several years ago.  

 William David Estrada. The Los Angeles Plaza: Sacred And Contested Space. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 2008.

George Garrigues. Los Angeles' The Palms Neighborhood. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing Company, 2009. One of a slew of recent books chronicling the history of neighborhoods, this one comes from a seasoned newspaperman and journalism professor who may well be the modern era's answer to Harry Carr (see below).  You can learn more about George at his main website, here.

Harry Carr; E H Suydam. Los Angeles: City Of Dreams. New York: Appleton-Century, 1935.   Fascinating descriptions of the city just before the era of freeways and urban renewal.  Harry Carr was one of the region's most entertaining and highly regarded journalists of the early 20th century.

George Wharton James. A traveler's handbook to Southern California. (Pasadena, Calif: GWJ, 1904). 

Los Angeles, a guidebook, compiled under the direction of E.C. Moore, Martin C. Neunder, and Robert O. Hoedel by Alice Mary Phillips. Los Angeles: Neuner Publishing Company, 1907. This volume was distributed to attendees of that year's convention of the National Education Association. In 1919 Dr. Moore co-founded UC Southern Branch which was later renamed UCLA.  Moore Hall was named in his honor, shortly after his death in 1955.

Harris Newmark, Maurice Newmark and Marco Newmark, editors. Sixty Years In Southern California. New York: Knickerbocker Press, 1916.

Oliver Evans, with additons and corrections by Thomas P. Jones. The Young Mill-wright and Miller's Guide, 11th edPhiladelphia: Lea & Blanchard, 1848.  First published in 1795, the book explains the principles by which automated milling machinery works, and provides numerous examples and study problems on the mathematical principles concerning millstones, shafts, bearings, cogwheels, etc.  

Peter A. Kozmin. Flour milling, a theoretical and practical handbook of flour manufacture for millers, mill-wrights, flour milling engineers, and others engaged in the flour milling industry. M. Faulkner and Theodor Fjelstrup, translators.  New York: D. Van Nostrand & Co, 1917.

W. W. Robinson; revised with an introduction by Doyce B. Nunis, Jr. Los Angeles From The Days Of  The Pueblo.  California Historical Society, 1981.

William Deverill. Whitewashed Adobe: The Rise of Los Angeles and the Remaking of its Mexican Past.  Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2004.  Attests original build date in 1840s, and adobe as the building material.   Also, existing building still contains adobe wall from original period.


CITY IMPROVEMENTS. (1855, Sep 29) Los Angeles Star.  Mentions new brick flouring mill just built by Abel Stearns and J.R. Scott among several other notable current building projects.  Almost certainly this was at the Capitol Milling site, presumably rebuilt or extended from the earlier Chapman mill of the 1830s.

Los_Angeles Star (1857, Oct 3). Advertisement of Eagle Mills at intersection of Main and Spring Streets.  "Offered by Francis Mellus".  

Los Angeles Herald (1874, Jul 12). Advertisement of F Weber & Co announcing it has leased the Eagle Mills, on Alameda north of City, noting it was once known as the Stearns Mill.

(1874, Sep 15) UP THE COAST.  Los Angeles Herald, downloaded from the California Digital Newspaper Collection.  Reports total loss of the the mill and stock at the Capitol site due to a fire of suspicious origin.

LOCAL BREVITIES. (1883, Apr 20).  Los Angeles Herald.  Retrieved from California Digital Newspaper Collection on 2016-04-20.  Reports purchase of Capitol Mills, by Jacob Loew of Downey,  The price is $35,000.

THE CITY. (1883, Jun 09). Los Angeles Times (1881-1886) Retrieved from ProQuest on 2016-09-04.  Reports the renaming of Capitol Mills to The Capitol Milling Company. 

TOILERS OF THE TOWN. (1883, Sep 09). Los Angeles Times (1881-1886) Retrieved from ProQuest on 2016-09-04.  States Deming & Palmer founded Capitol Mills on Aliso Street, and "removed" to Alameda Street (i.e. the Capitol Milling site) in 1879. This action is probably what Harris Newmark referred to in stating the mill was sold to J. G. Deming in the 1870s.  No mention made of Jacob Loew or Herman Levi, despite renaming to "Capitol Milling Company" reported by the Times several months earlier, and their purchase of Capitol Mills months before that.

GENERAL COURT NEWS. (1892, Jul 06). Los Angeles Times (1886-1922) Retrieved from ProQuest 2016-08-26.  Mentions lawsuit of Capitol Milling against City on water, also mentions water powered mill machinery.

THE APPEAL FUTILE. (1894, Feb 11). Los Angeles Times (1886-1922) Retrieved from ProQuest on 2016-08-26.  Describes suit for injunctive relief brought against the City by Capitol Milling.  The mill had been using the water from Zanja Madre to power its machinery for forty years, and the City wanted to start charging for the water as part of a waterworks improvement project. 

AT THE COURTHOUSE.: The Courts. JUDGE SHAW DECIDES ANOTHER WATER CASE. (1895, Mar 13). Los Angeles Times.  Decision in favor of Capitol Milling; city enjoined from entering premises for purposes of turning zanja's water away from the mill wheel.

AWAKENING INTEREST HERE IN ELECTRIC TRUCKS. (1914, Apr 18) Los Angeles Herald.  Retrieved from California Digital Newspaper Collection, 2016-08-26.  Mentions Capitol Milling Company using electric delivery trucks.

California Grocers Advocate, Volume 23, No. 7 p22 (1918, Feb 15), digitized by the University of California  Oct 30, 2013.  Standard weight of a barrel of flour, as defined by the state Superintendent of Weights and Measures, is 196 pounds net weight.

SENDS A BULLET THROUGH BRAIN. (1921, Apr 21). Los Angeles Times (1886-1922) Retrieved from ProQuest on 2016-09-06.  Death of Jacob Loew by self-inflicted gunshot.  He had suffered a paralyzing stroke seven years previously, and a second stroke four years later.  Mr. Loew feared becoming a burden on his family.

Hansen, B. (1983, Apr 14). Sackful of memories down by the old mill. Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) Retrieved from ProQuest 2016-08-26. Mentions Abel Stearns as the founder of Capitol Mills.

 Hamilton, D. (1997, Sep 17). SMALL BUSINESS; flour is family's bread and butter; food: Historic Capitol Milling, supplier to artisans and supermarkets alike, prepares for big expansion. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2016-08-25 from ProQuest.  Mentions Abel Stearns as founder, in 1831.  Also: mill provided rolled barley for the mules used in bringing the SPRR through.    Bricks were brought from Philadelphia as there were no firing kilns in the city; millstones from France.  Water power via Zanja Madre.

Rasmussen, C. (2000, Feb 13). L.A. then and now / cecilia rasmussen; ex-pirate evolved into a leading citizen. Los Angeles Times, retrieved 2016-08-22 from ProQuest.

Landsberg, M. (2000, Feb 19). CITYSCAPES / MITCHELL LANDSBERG; 19th century mill gets new lease on life for the 21st. Los Angeles Times Retrieved from ProQuest 2016-08-26.  Mentions reputed founding date of 1831 for same-site predecessor of Capitol Mills.

Pool, B. (2014, Apr 22). THE 'MOTHER DITCH'; workers find a section of L.A.'s first municipal water system. Los Angeles Times Retrieved from 2016-08-23 from ProQuest.  Mentions a "spur" of Zanja Madre used to power Capitol Milling Company's machinery. Pool, B. (2014, Apr 26).

 GUIDE POINTED TO BRICK PIPELINE. (2014, Apr 26) CALIFORNIA;  volume penned in 1887 describes Chinatown site of 'mother ditch,' city's first water network. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from ProQuest 2016-08-26.    1887 surveyor's logbook is described.

American Miller and Processor (Various issues in 1910s)Shows that water power was still commonly used in the 1910s where conditions were favorable.


Survey of tracts between north end of downtown L.A., 1856.   Digitized manuscript, Huntington Library.

E. S. Glover. Bird's Eye View Of Los Angeles. Los Angeles (?): E. S. Glover (?), 1877. Downloaded from LAPL online map collection.

Sherri Gust and Mari Pritchard Parker.   Relationship of the Zanja Madre to the MTA's Gold Line Property in River Station Yard, City of Los Angeles, California. Los Angeles: Cogstone Resource Management, 2004.  Referring to 1877 Glover map, erroneously states mill is absent.

Chinatown Los Angeles: [Informational Pamphlet reproduced online].  Chinatown Business Improvement District: Los Angeles, ca. 2010.  Attests that tower on NW corner of Capitol property bearing eagle logo, and most of the building, dates back to 1831.  This is almost certainly false.



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